Living and Static Reference Works

Some of Springer Nature’s reference works are published as living references which are online first, real-time snapshots (article collections) of a reference work which is in development or is being updated.

  • The living editions are delivered well in advance of the static, printed reference publications, and continuously offer new and up-to-date content.
  • Each online-first entry has its own DOI and is fully citable.
  • If the image of the reference shows LIVE!, then it is a living reference work:

  •  The book page will show Living Edition under the title:

  • The search results page will show Living Reference Work Entry:

  • Static reference works are listed as Reference Work Entry:


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